2. Modern maps
Polyconic Map Projection
Surprisingly there are more modern era maps which also display concave latitude and longitude lines, albeit projections on to a flat map. These use Polyconic projections.
The polyconic map is the concave Earth drawn on a flat map.
The projection was in common use by many map-making agencies of the United States from the time of its proposal by Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler in 1825 until the middle of the 20th century.
- The sole projection used for large-scale mapping in the ellipsoidal form (topographic quadrangles) of the United States by the U.S. Geological Survey until the 1950s.
- Basis for Progressive Military Grid used by the U.S. Army until the 1940’s.
- Projection for many early coastal charts by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.
- Origin Apparently originated about 1820 by Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler (1770-1843), first director of the Survey of the Coast (later the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey).
So, this concave projection was used by the US military until the 40s and the US Geological Survey until the 50s. Why? Apparently because it shows the true shape and size of most land forms in relation to one another.
Disadvantage: The lines of latitude and longitude are curved slightly, it is distorted, so the more distant a land form is from the point the more distorted it is likely to be.
Advantage: most land forms have their true shape and size in relation to each other, it is useful to mapping large areas of land that fall in the middle latitude.
The scale is “true along the central meridian and along each parallel.” So this kind of map shows true scale relationships between the countries.
These parallel lines are the lines curving upwards showing concavity. This map projection is exactly the same as the physical Mapparium devised by German craftsmen in the 1930s who fled Nazi Germany. To visit this “planetarium” you have to walk inside and see the Earth all around you as if you were walking inside a concave sphere.
Mapparium is a physical construction of the polyconic map projection.
The Mapparium is a three-story, stained glass globe of the world located at the Mary Baker Eddy Library in Boston, Massachusetts, built in 1935 from 608 stained glass concave panels. Again, why was the Mapparium built?
Inspired by the famous spinning globe in the lobby of the New York Daily News building, architect Chester Lindsay Churchill was commissioned to design the Mapparium. Made of 608 stained glass panels, the Mapparium was designed to allow the countries of the world to be viewed in accurate geographical relationship to each other.
So building a concave globe is the only way to view the geographic relationships of the countries to each other accurately. This is certainly an indication that the Earth is really concave. (Big thanks to Karol for finding this.)
Nazi belief in a concave Earth
Notice that the German craftsmen who built the Mapparium fled Nazi Germany in the 1930s. Is it a coincidence that the Nazis thought that the Earth was concave and that we live inside it? Maybe. From the book The Gods of Eden by William Bramley, page 389, he says:
Hitler and his mystical compatriots had a curiously inverted view of the universe. To their way of thinking, the universe consists of infinite rock which is broken by numerous hollow areas. In other words, the universe is like an infinite piece of swiss cheese – solid with many holes in it. The concave surfaces of the hollow areas are the surfaces of the “planets”, including Earth. Humans are therefore not living on the outer surface of a round ball: they are being pushed by gravity against the inner surface of a hollow area.
It could be that the craftsmen had no belief one way or the other and were just good at making stained glass windows. The German book DieHohlwelttheorie by Johannes Lang was first published in Germany in 1938 and puts forward the theory that we are living inside a concave sphere. Perhaps it was well accepted in German culture of the 30s and early 40s that people lived inside the Earth because of this book and the Nazi belief?
Also, where did the Nazi’s get their belief from? Ayran supermen living inside the Earth? Maybe it was passed down to them through the Tibetan monks when the Nazis paid them a visit – aka on religious grounds. Although I’m not sure what model the monks believed in.
Tibetan map said to be of the inner Earth. I don’t know if this map is really supposed to depict Aghatha or us inside the Earth.
There is always the possibility that they had repeated the rectilineator experiment from 1897, or came to the concave conclusion by other rational means first. They certainly had the means to do so, as during the 30s and 40s the Germans were arguably the most technologically advanced nation in the world (probably still are; at least commercially). Lang’s book was also a rational, not religious piece.
Game of Throne intro
Strangely, one the best graphical representations of a Dyson sphere or concave Earth (not discounting Steven Christopher’s incredible graphics) is the intro to the television series Game of Thrones, first aired in 2011 and based on the fantasy books A Song of Ice and Fire by George R.R. Martin.
Game of Thrones intro.
The only remarkable point about this intro is its incredible accuracy to the subject matter of this blog. The intro was aired about two years before I started to write anything on wildheretic.com, and I hadn’t seen any of the TV shows until a young Hungarian commentator gave me a link.
The similarities includes: 1. An artificial metallic Sun. They show gyroscopic rings around it (unlike my model), but this gives the impression that it moves a little bit like a gyroscope (which I agree with). 2. Two glass layers are seen at 0.11 and 0.12 seconds made to look like lenses. This could be a clue as to how the sky appears to be a dome, but is not. I agree with Steven Christopher’s glass layer at 100 km high with the possibility of another higher up. The two glass layers flash very close to one another denoting their close proximity in altitude. 3. The Earth’s concavity. 4. The clockwork machine-like working mechanisms of the Earth indicates the Earth’s artificiality, like it is a created machine.
Of course, the creators when quizzed on this unusual Dyson sphere model will say they were just creating a fictional world for the fantasy subject matter – and they do. Their explanation why isn’t unique to the world of the book though.
“I had initially thought, okay, the shape of this thing… imagine it’s in a medieval tower and monks are watching over it and it’s a living map and it’s shaped like a bowl that’s 30 feet in diameter and these guys watch over it, kind of like they would the Book of Kells or something… they’re the caretakers of this map. I quickly realized we were still going to shoot off the map. So the next thought was, what happens when you put two bowls together? You have a sphere. Next question was “how is it lit?” And obviously, if you have a whole world inside a sphere, what would be in the middle of that sphere? The sun! Or whatever the light source of this world is.”
The above two arguments apply to a convex globe too. Are Hameed Shaukat (Producer), Rob Feng (Art Director), Kirk Shintani (CG Supervisor) really in the know of some possible occult secret? Probably not.
The only real evidence shown here is that modern maps which depict a concave Earth show the spatial relationship between countries accurately. That is most certainly an indication, so on that grounds I give this evidence a 60% chance that it shows the Earth as concave.